LAPAROSCOPIC FEEDING TUBE (GASTROSTOMY OR JEJUNOSTOMY)
Definition: In some situations, patients suffer from certain conditions that prevent them from eating normally (ex. stomach tumors, oral cancer etc). Under these circumstances, a tube may be inserted into the stomach or small intestine to provide nutrition and alimentation. These procedures can be performed laparoscopically with minimal trauma and early recovery.
Reason for procedure:
- Provide nutritional support for patients who suffer from malnutrition
- Weight loss
- Inability to eat
- Loss of appétite
- Nonsurgical option: Some individuals may receive nutrition by way of their veins or through tubes inserted via a nostril or via the mouth. Neither of these options is meant for long term use.
- Surgical option: Laparoscopic or the conventional open method are available
Risks associated with surgery
- Leakage of intestinal content at the site of insertion
- Collection of pus within the abdomen
- Injury to stomach, intestines or adjacent organs.
- Intestinal obstruction
- Kinking or twisting of the feeding tube
(This is only a partial list of potential complications)
- May include blood work, abdominal x-rays, and an abdominal CT scan.
Average hospital stay
- Varies amongst patients, but the average patient stays hospitalized for about 1 day.
Type of anesthesia required
- Laparoscopic surgery requires general anesthesia which blocks pain and keeps you asleep throughout the entire surgery. Open method may be performed under a milder form of anesthesia
Once you have undergone laparoscopic surgery, your recovery period is usually shortened when compared to conventional open surgery. Most patients can usually go home within 1 to 2 days after the procedure although every case is different.